Comparative law is the study of the law of different countries on the basis of their differences and similarities. It majorly specifies in the study of the legal systems, which exists in the world and include; civil law, common law, Jewish law, canon law, socialist law, Hindu law, Islamic law, and Chinese law. It includes analysing and describing foreign legal systems even when there is no undertaking of explicit comparison.
The modern comparative law origin is in the 18th century although; scholars still used comparative methodologies before this period. The earliest founding figure of comparative law is called Montesquieu. Sir Henry Maine was the modern anthropological and comparative jurisprudence founding figure. Source: tech.com
There has developed other disciplines as separate branches of comparative law. They include; comparative constitutional law, comparative commercial law, comparative administrative law, and comparative criminal law.
Sujit Choudhry is a recognized comparative constitutional law and authority with a great experience in the sector. He has done great research which he combines with his great experience agenda in constitution building process as the advisor. He has acted as a great help in constitution building process in Jordan, Egypt, Nepal, Libya, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, South Africa, and Ukraine.
He addresses various issues in comparative constitutional law including; constitutional design in societies divided by ethics ,management of transition from violent conflicts to peaceful democratic politics with constitutional design as the tool, fideism, secession and decentralization, semi presidentialism, the policy of official language, constitutional courts, the rights of groups and the minority, bills of rights and proportionality, the context of changing to democratic rule from authoritarian, building of constitution the oversight of security sector, and the methodological questions in the study of comparative law.
He has also written a lot concerning the Canadian constitutional law. He has also published working papers, over90 articles, reports and working papers. He is also the Centre for Constitutional Transitions’ founding director. The centre assembles and leads an international network of experts in the completion of scientific research projects, which offer policy options to practitioners which have evidence.
Professor Sujit Choudhry was at NYU school of law as Cecelia Goetz‘s professor of law, and also a chair in the University of Toronto, faculty of law. He was also one of the four Canadians who received the Trudeau Fellowship, which is the MacArthur Canadian equivalent. He was also a member of the governing Toronto advisory panel in Canada which proposed for reforms to be made on the structure of municipal government in Toronto. Professor Choudhry holds degrees from Oxford and Toronto and Harvard. He was a Rhodes Scholar, and also served as a law clerk to chief justice Antonio Lamer who works the supreme court of Canada.
Visit Sujit’s facebook.com page and read more about him.